Web Hosting

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that hosts websites for clients, i.e. it offers the facilities required for them to create and maintain a site and makes it accessible on the World Wide Web. Companies providing web hosting services are sometimes called web hosts.

Typically, web hosting requires the following:

  • one or more servers to act as the host(s) for the sites; servers may be physical or virtual
  • colocation for the server(s), providing physical space, electricity, and Internet connectivity
  • Domain Name System configuration to define name(s) for the sites and point them to the hosting server(s)
  • a web server running on the host
  • for each site hosted on the server:

    – space on the server(s) to hold the files making up the site
    – site-specific configuration
    – often, a database;
    – software and credentials allowing the client to access these, enabling them to create, configure, and modify the site;
    – email connectivity allowing the host and site to send email to the client.

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